美國ACGME (Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education ) 所建議
- 病人照顧: Patient Care that is compassionate, appropriate, and effective for the treatment of health problems and the promotion of health
- 醫學知識: Medical Knowledge about established and evolving biomedical, clinical, and cognate (e.g. epidemiological and social-behavioral) sciences and the application of this knowledge to patient care
- 臨床工作中的學習與改善: Practice-Based Learning and Improvement that involves investigation and evaluation of their own patient care, appraisal and assimilation of scientific evidence, and improvements in patient care
- 人際關係與溝通技巧: Interpersonal and Communication Skills that result in effective information exchange and teaming with patients, their families, and other health professionals
- 醫療專業: Professionalism, as manifested through a commitment to carrying out professional responsibilities, adherence to ethical principles, and sensitivity to a diverse patient population
- 制度下的臨床工作: Systems-Based Practice, as manifested by actions that demonstrate an awareness of and responsiveness to the larger context and system of health care and the ability to effectively call on system resources to provide care that is of optimal value.